Acne in New Jersey

Patients of all Ages From Livingston, Caldwell, Florham Park, Chatham, And Beyond Can Get Education on Breakouts

acne

No one wants to live with acne—or the scars and discolorations it can leave behind. Whether you're a teen dealing with annoyingly persistent pimples or one of the many adults bothered by red, bumpy skin caused by acne, the New Jersey-based team at Advanced Dermatology & Skin Care knows that the condition can make you feel self-conscious and leave blemishes on your skin. While the exact cause of acne isn't fully understood, we do know some triggers of this common condition.

Acne Quick Facts

  • Acne is the most common skin disorder in the USA, affecting 40 to 50 million Americans.
  • Acne usually begins in puberty, but can develop in any age group.
  • Women are particularly susceptible to late onset and adult acne.
  • Nearly 85% of all people will have acne at some point in their lives.
  • By mid-teens, more than 40% of adolescents have acne or acne scarring that requires treatment by a dermatologist.

Speak with New Jersey's acne specialists at Advanced Dermatology & Skin Care. contact us online or call 973-731-9600 to book your appointment today!

What Causes Acne Outbreaks?

The following factors can contribute to acne:

  • Overproduction of oil by glands in the skin
  • Blockage of the hair follicles that release oil
  • Growth of bacteria, called P. acnes, within the hair follicles

Your skin is covered in hundreds of thousands hair follicles. Each follicle is connected to a sebaceous gland (oil gland) that secretes an oily substance called sebum. A lubricant for your hair and skin, sebum carries dead skin cells to the surface of the skin, where they are shed from the body.

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When too much sebum is produced, the dead cells can stick together and clump in the pore, forming a soft plug. Sometimes bacteria that live on the skin, P. acnes, also get trapped in the clogged pore. Once inside, the bacteria have the ideal environment to multiply. While this is not an infection, the pore can become inflamed (red and swollen).

Hormones, certain medications and stress can stimulate oil production and trigger acne outbreaks. Typically, these outbreaks will appear on the face, neck, chest, back and shoulders—the areas of your skin with the highest number of oil glands.

What are the Different Types of Acne Outbreaks?

While most people associate pimples with acne, there are actually multiple forms acne can take.

A follicle that contains the multiplying bacteria without rupturing can create a tiny, visible spot on the surface of the skin. If the contents of the follicle stay trapped beneath a thin layer of tissue, they stay light colored, creating a whitehead. If the material breaks through, contact with the air darkens it to form a blackhead.

An acne outbreak can become more severe, transitioning to what is knows as "inflammatory acne," if the follicle wall breaks. White blood cells deployed to fight the bacteria gradually fill the area, leading to visible swelling. An angry red bump that forms as the result of this influx is a papule. If the growing collection of dead white blood cells pushes up and makes a whitish-colored bump, this is known as a pustule.

Papules and pustules are technical names for dreaded pimples. As tempting as it may be to squeeze them to force their contents out, doing so at home can actually worsen the problem.

Left unchecked, acne can develop into more severe forms. As the inflammation worsens, a painful nodule can form, or the inflammation can spread into the skin surrounding the follicle, creating a cyst. Because nodules and cysts grow so large, they can create scars.

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Why Do Adults Get Acne?

Acne is often thought of as a teenage problem, but it is prevalent in adults as well. Acne that does not clear up by your mid-20s is known as adult acne and can continue well into your 30s, 40s and even older. More common in women, adult acne tends to be found on the lower face.

Adults can also develop late-onset acne. People who never had acne or have not had it for years can suddenly develop deep-seated, inflamed pimples and nodules. Again, women are more susceptible. Adult-onset acne typically forms on the chin, jawline and around the mouth, but can also appear on the chest and back.

Triggers of adult acne include:

  • Fluctuating hormones
  • Discontinuation of birth control pills
  • Certain medications
  • Family history of acne Stress
  • Hair and skin products

Will My Acne Clear Up Without Treatment?

Regardless of age, acne can be frustratingly persistent and is often a source of embarrassment for patients at our New Jersey practice. Given that many acne sufferers will develop some degree of scarring, the best solution for acne is prevention. The earlier acne treatment is started, the lower the risk of lasting changes to your skin.

Learn how to achieve clear, acne-free skin at New Jersey's Advanced Dermatology & Skin Care. To book your consultation, contact us online, or phone 973-731-9600.